Green Fingers: Spring bulbs are ready to bloom

James Vaughan

Reporter:

James Vaughan

Green Fingers: Spring bulbs are ready to bloom

Saffron commands a price per weight greater than gold

AS mentioned in last week’s article my family and I spent last weekend in Carlow, enjoying their annual Snowdrop Festival.

It really was fantastic to see all the different varieties of snowdrops. Along with the snowdrops we saw several other types of early spring flowering bulbs.

Snowdrops

The first bulbs usually to flower are snowdrops. These flower, generally, starting in the third week of January. Snowdrops are an important source of food for early emerging pollinating insects. The nodding cups of flowers are small but really beautiful and intricate when viewed close up. Snowdrops are actually quite tough plants. They will do well even if planted underneath mature trees. Over time they will form clumps which eventually will create a carpet effect.

Crocus

The Snowdrop flowers are closely followed by Crocus flowers, especially the smaller species varieties. The species varieties flower earlier in the year but have smaller flowers. Not many people know but it is from a species variety of Crocus (Crocus sativus) that the spice Saffron is gathered. The saffron itself is gathered by hand from the stamen or ‘inner-part’ of the flower. This laborious task is well worth it as Saffron commands a price per weight greater than gold. If you want larger flowers from spring bulbs you will have to wait a few months for the likes of hyacinths to flower.

Anemone

Another bulb that flowers this time of year are the woodland Anemones. These appear in shades of white, pink and purple. These flowers only grow about 2 inches high but they do add a little colour when there is not much else about.

Because they are so low flowering, they are tough and will still flower even if the weather turns wet and windy. I have noticed in my garden that bulbs that were planted only three years ago have set seed and spread. There are larger flowering Anemones. These flower later in the year and have flowers up to ten inches tall. These larger flowering varieties, including ‘De Caen Mix’. I have seen these variety become popular in wedding bouquets.

One key point that I always remind people with regard to many aspects of gardening is to plan ahead. Ideally, the time frame of at least 6 months in advance is required.

So, if you would like spring flowers in the garden now then you would be well advised to have planted them last Autumn. Likewise, if you would like bulbs to provide summer colour this year then you would need to be purchasing them soon. In a future article we will talk more about what type of bulbs can be purchased for summer colour.

Contact James

james.vaughan1020@gmail.com