Limerick school boys ask the future about the present in Young Scientist project

Donal O'Regan

Reporter:

Donal O'Regan

Crescent College Comprehensive’s Donnacha Henchy, Thomas Gomes, and Jack Murtagh with their Young Scientist project

Crescent College Comprehensive’s Donnacha Henchy, Thomas Gomes, and Jack Murtagh with their Young Scientist project

IT WAS Benjamin Disraeli who said, “There are three kinds of lies: lies, damned lies, and statistics” but he would have changed his mind if he met Donnacha Henchy, Thomas Gomes and Jack Murtagh.

The three Crescent College Comprehensive boys have entered the BT Young Scientist & Technology Exhibition for the second year in a row. 

Jack, from Dooradoyle, says the project by himself, Thomas, Ballyneety, and Donnacha, Kilmallock, is a continuation of the work they completed in 2017.

“The project, entitled Moral Decision Making in Adolescence, looked at how second and fifth year students across seven different secondary schools in Limerick felt about the refugee crisis, and if any bias against refugees existed among adolescents.

"We had been inspired to look into this matter through our exposure to the situation with the news and at school, feeling it was a very current issue. We combined it with a desire among us to do research on the moral development in adolescents,” explained Jack.

They expanded and continued their research in their new project: Asking the Future about the Present – The Statistics of Cognitive Conflict in Relation to Refugees in Ireland. It aims to look at the same issue, but has also expanded to include participants across the nation, as well as college students and working adults.

“We used two questionnaires, an experimental and a control, to do this. Both questionnaires had ten moral dilemmas relating to hypothetical everyday-life like scenarios, in which the participants were given the option of helping or not helping a person in need, depending on other factors. The only difference between the two was that, on the control questionnaire, the person in need’s identity was said to be that of a local, while on the experimental questionnaire, the person in need was specified to be a refugee.

“We used statistical analysis to calculate, on average, how people answered the questionnaires, and thus compared the average reaction for both.

“In addition, after the moral dilemmas, there was a brief section, identical on both papers, enquiring about the demographics of the participants – gender, age group, etc.

“Looking at our results this year, we found that overall, there was a statistically significant difference in the average answers across the two questionnaires, showing that people were significantly more favourable towards the person in the refugee questionnaire, when compared to the control questionnaire.

"When males and females were compared, females were more likely than males to favour migrants/refugees in their answers. We also found that when age groups were compared, adults were more likely to favour migrants/refugees than fifth year secondary school students,” said Jack.

These are only a few of the results they have concluded from their research and only a brief explanation of the project. They invite anyone interested to see their stand in the RDS at the exhibition, which runs until Saturday.